Safety & Prevention Advice

When planning ways to keep your child safe, remember that she is constantly changing. Review your family’s home and habits often to make sure your safeguards remain appropriate for your child’s age.

Cleaning products:
-All-purpose cleaners
-Dishwashing detergent
-Drain openers and toilet bowl cleaners
-Furniture polish
-Laundry detergent (
Personal and hygiene products:
-Nail polish removers
-Perfume and aftershave
Items that may be stored in your basement or garage:
-Antifreeze and windshield wiper fluid
-Gasoline, kerosene, and lamp oil
-Prescription medicines
-Over-the-counter medicines
-Vitamins and supplements
Certain houseplants may be harmful. Call Poison Help at 1-800-222-1222 for a list or description of plants to avoid. You may want to do without houseplants for a while or, at the very least, keep all houseplants out of reach.
Small objects:
-Beads, buttons, coins
-Button batteries
-Refrigerator magnets or products and toys with small or loose magnets
Alcohol can be very poisonous to a young child. Remember to empty any unfinished drinks right away.
Keep in mind that children may get into trash containers. Trash containers that contain spoiled food, sharp objects , or batteries should have a child-resistant cover or be kept out of a child’s reach.

Baby Proofing:

Moving glass and breakable items out of reach can help avoid unnecessary injury and accidents. Also, investing in cabinet latches to prevent a child from reaching harmful products or storage items. A baby gate is a great way to block off stairways and rooms that may not be so child friendly.

Backyard Safety:

​If you don’t have a fenced yard, teach your child the boundaries within which she should play. Always have a responsible person supervise outdoor play.
-Check your yard for dangerous plants. Among preschoolers, plants are a leading cause of poisoning. . If you have any poisonous plants, either replace them or securely fence and lock that area of the yard away from your child.
-Teach your child never to pick and eat anything from a plant, no matter how good it looks, without your permission.
-If you use pesticides or herbicides on your lawn or garden, read the instructions carefully. Don’t allow children to play on a treated lawn for at least forty-eight hours.
-Don’t use a power mower to cut the lawn when young children are around. The mower may throw sticks or stones with enough force to injure them.
-When you cook food outdoors, screen the grill so that your child cannot touch it, and explain that it is hot like the stove in the kitchen. Store propane grills so your child cannot reach the knobs. Be sure charcoal is cold before you dump it.
-Never allow your child to play unattended near traffic, and do not allow her to cross the street by herself, even if it is just to go to a waiting school bus.

Warm, sunny days are wonderful. It’s great to exercise outside. The sun feels good on your skin. But what feels good can also harm you and your family. Remembering to apply sunscreen can protect your children from burns.

Outdoor Activities:

Warmer weather may make you feel more inclined to go for a hike. Things like the proper footwear, clothing and extra water are important. Be sure to give some thought to what you should bring and do before your outdoor adventure.

Swimming/Water Activities:

Whenever Your Child is Near Water, Follow These Safety Rules:
-Be aware of small bodies of water your child might encounter, such as bathtubs, fishponds, ditches, fountains, rain barrels, watering cans—​even the bucket you use when you wash the car.

-Empty containers of water when you’re done using them.
-Children who are swimming—even in a shallow toddler’s pool—always should be watched by an adult, preferably one who knows CPR. The adult should be within arm’s length, providing “touch supervision” whenever infants, toddlers, or young children are in or around water.
-Enforce safety rules: No running near the pool and no pushing others underwater.
-Don’t allow your child to use inflatable toys or mattresses in place of a life jacket. These toys may deflate suddenly, or your child may slip off them into water that is too deep for him.
-Be sure the deep and shallow ends of any pool your child swims in are clearly marked. Never allow your child to dive into the shallow end.
-Backyard swimming pools, (including large, inflatable above-ground pools), should be completely surrounded with at least a 4-foot high fence that completely separates the pool from the house. The fence should have a self-closing and self-latching gate that opens away from the pool, with the latch at least 54 inches high. Keep the gate closed and locked at all times. Be sure your child cannot manipulate the lock or climb the fence. No opening under the fence or between uprights should be more than 4 inches wide.
-If your pool has a cover, remove it completely before swimming. Also, never allow your child to walk on the pool cover. Your child could fall through and become trapped underneath.
-Keep a safety ring with a rope beside the pool at all times. If possible, have a phone in the pool area with emergency numbers clearly marked.
Spas and hot tubs are dangerous for young children, who can easily drown or become overheated in them. Don’t allow young children to use these facilities.
-Your child should always wear a life jacket when he swims or rides in a boat. A life jacket fits properly if you can’t lift it off over your child’s head after he’s been fastened into it. For the child under age five, particularly the non-swimmer, it also should have a flotation collar to keep the head upright and the face out of the water.

-Adults should not drink alcohol when they are swimming. It presents a danger for them as well as for any children they might be supervising.

Your child’s well-being and safety are extremely important to you. Particularly when she is under your care — at your home, in her own home, in the car, or elsewhere — make sure that you’ve taken every step possible to ensure that she’s safe and secure.

Traveling in Cars:

-​A child left in a hot car can die of heat stroke very quickly. But this tragedy can be prevented. Here are some facts about hot cars and keeping kids safe.

-Car Seat Safety-proper installation, seat check before every trip.


Travel by Airplane:

FAA recommendations:
A child weighing less than 20 pounds should use a rear-facing child restraint system (CRS).
A forward facing child safety seat should be used for children weighing between 20 and 40 pounds.
The FAA has also approved one harness-type device for children weighing between 22 to 44 pounds.
-When purchasing airline tickets:
Contact the air carrier to see if there are any discounts available for children since buying a ticket for a child is the only way to guarantee that a child safety seat can be used during flight.
-Before flying:
Check to make sure that their CRS is approved for use on an aircraft. This approval should be printed on the system’s information label or on the device itself.
-Tips for traveling with an infant on your lap:
The safest place for a child under two on an airplane is in a car seat, not on a parent’s lap. However, if you still find yourself looking for tips about traveling with an infant on your lap, we have some useful ones to offer:

Choose your seat wisely.  A window seat is out of the way but with less easy access to the aisle. In an aisle seat, you’ll have to pay attention to a second set of body parts to make sure that heads, feet, and limbs don’t get bumped by service carts or passers-by. Book the aisle and window seats. Chances are better that the middle seat will remain unoccupied.
Consider the perks. As for the choices you do have when it comes to seat assignments, many parents vie for the opportunity to sit in the bulkhead rows located at the front of each section of the aircraft. These seats typically offer more space than is allotted between the rest of the rows.
Play the odds. When you check in at the gate, ask the ticketing agent if there are any seats still available. If there are, chances are good that they will be middle seats, and you may be allowed to secure your infant’s car seat in the window seat you had reserved for yourself.

***Easing baby’s ears:
Fortunately for all involved, many young babies actually do travel well in flight. As for ear pain caused by the change in cabin pressure, a great many babies never show the slightest sign of discomfort. It’s useful to know that there is a practical and realistic alternative to gum chewing that works very well for babies when it comes to relieving ear pressure.
Offer a breast, pacifier, or bottle during takeoff and initial descent. If you must get resourceful in soothing your child, take comfort in knowing that the drone of the engines usually limits how far a crying baby can be heard. Airplane cabin noise hovers around 100 decibels, and is even louder during takeoff. Using cotton balls or small earplugs may help to decrease the decibel level your baby is exposed to, and as a result make it easier for her to sleep or relax.